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Background on the Cartagena Summit for a World Free of Anti-personnel Mines


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December 5, 2009

Background on the Cartagena Summit for a World Free of Anti-personnel Mines

Background on the Cartagena Summit for a World Free of Anti-personnel Mines

December 4Th, 2009. (OP). Ottawa Convention. In 1997, 157 countries signed the "Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on their detection. Colombia ratified the convention in 2000. By signing the Convention, States Parties agreed to remove and/or destroy all anti-personnel mines under their jurisdiction or control within 10 years after the entry into force of the treaty in each country.
The Convention provides tools to ensure compliance and review mechanisms. First, each country has a commitment to report periodically on the status of implementation of the Convention. In addition, the States Parties convene regular meetings to consider any matter relating to its application or implementation.
The Review Conference
The Ottawa Convention permitted States Parties to hold a review conference every five years to assess the operation and status of the Convention and, if necessary, adopt conclusions on its implementation.
The first Review Conference was held in Nairobi, Kenya in November 2005. During this meeting, States Parties developed the Nairobi Action Plan, 2005 - 2009, which established the protocol for comprehensive mine action set for that period.
Colombia Conference Venue
A team from the government of Colombia, led by the vice presidency, worked for almost a year for the country to obtain the seat of the second Review Conference of the Ottawa Convention. Colombia wanted to host this important international conference for several reasons.
On the tenth anniversary of the entry into force of the Convention, Colombia believes that the focus of this second conference should be humanitarian   to provide care and assistance to victims, who must be at the heart of global efforts to eradicate landmines.